White Papers

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Click on each title to read the synopsis for a white paper topic.

Mission Critical Facilities and Operations: Executive Overview of Threshold Considerations
New regulatory and legal standards for corporate governance have dramatically elevated the level of chief executive and board member involvement in mission critical operations, which were previously the sole concern of technical and facility managers. Both the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and recent legal interpretations have redefined directors’ fiduciary duty as “active monitoring” of corporate operations rather than reliance on management to control risks. Because of the extreme financial, operational and security risks presented by mission critical functions and facilities, chief executives and directors must have independent understanding of the threshold concepts applied in these operations. Here we examine these threshold considerations for the benefit of C-suite executives and fiduciaries.
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277voltstoyourserver
improvingelectricalenergyperformanceisanimportantconsiderationinthedesign,constructionandoperationofanydatacenter.thispaperproposesaholisticmethodologyinachievingenergyperformanceandcapitalexpenditure(capx)savings.whileachievingthesesavings,thechallengeistomaintainorincreasereliability,inotherwords,decreasingrisk.mostdatacenterenergyprojectsusuallyfocusonasinglegoal,notconsideringtheholisticeffectofincreasedriskordecreasedreliability.whenthesenon-tangibleomissionsbecomeapparent,theenergyperformanceaspectfrequentlybecomesmarginalizedorcanceled.
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Integrated Waterside Economizer Operation for Data Center Central Chiller Plants
This white paper explores the effectiveness of using an Integrated Water Side Economizer (IWSE), which differs from the traditional water side economizer, as it pipes a Heat Exchanger (HX) in series with the chillers. Energy savings can be recognized in a water cooled chiller plant by using this low- cost solution, which involves the addition of a few automated valves and piping alterations that enable the plant to capture a substantial amount of “partial cooling” hours during the shoulder seasons (Fall/Spring). Consequently, the KW input requirements of the chiller are reduced.
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Opportunity Knocks: Managing airflow to enhance data center cooling performance
Join Syska’s Kishor Khankari, a PhD in Computational Fluid Dynamics and developer of several CFD soft-ware tools, in his White Paper Opportunity Knocks, as he explores practical techniques to enhance the legacy data center’s cooling performance and further promote its energy efficiency.
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Greening Reliability
by Syska Hennessy Group Green Critical Facilities Team

Syska Hennessy Group’s Green Critical Facilities (CF) Team, in partnership with data center owners and operators, is pushing the envelope of design by calling for reduced energy consumption without jeopardizing uptime. Join us in exploring the question, “Can Green really be reliable?” in their newest White Paper, Greening Reliability.
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An Electrical Win-Win Solution and Best Practice
In Critical Facilities, the electrical load on the critical (UPS output) bus is a continuous load that rarely changes (except to increase!). A 100%-rated circuit breaker will carry 100% of its rating continuously, but an 80%-rated circuit breaker will carry only 80% of its rating. Why are 80%-rated circuit breakers specified for continuous loads? By specifying 100%-rated circuit breakers we can reduce first cost (CAPEX) and increase availability.
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Will Liquid Cooled Solutions Save Energy?
Recent technology advancements by IT equipment manufacturers have resulted in high heat-producing hardware that pushes the envelope of traditional air cooling methodologies. Here, we examine the energy efficiencies of the various cooling solutions available today and some possible cooling solutions that may be introduced in the near future.
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Mission Critical vs. Critical Mission Thinking: An Enterprise-Oriented Methodology
This white paper provides background information on these factors and presents a unique framework to address these and other significant concerns. The concerns are addressed in a manner focusing upon the critical mission(s) of the organization, and are oriented toward generating operational improvements.
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Battery Condition Determination for Critical Facilities
Best practices in operating critical facilities are applied to the smallest aspect of that facility. Knowing the condition of each cell of your batteries is one of those aspects. This white paper looks at the testing methods and record keeping procedures that can be used to determine battery condition using normal troubleshooting instruments.
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Commissioning Critical Facilities
An important factor in achieving a reliable 7x24 facility is an infrastructure Commissioning Process: a systematic process ensuring that infrastructure systems perform as per design and planning intent. Current industry practices, often shaped by the vendor-contractor perspective, means the Equipment Start-Up Process can be insufficient to detect latent failures and prevent costly operational incidents. This white paper offers a comprehensive explanation of Commissioning phases, levels of testing and benefits; and a sample protocol for optimum system Commissioning.
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Outsourcing Considerations for Critical Facilities
More than 80 percent of America's fastest-growing companies outsource one or more of their business functions. Outsourcing is a rational tool for any company to use to manage, operate and administer Critical and Hypercritical Facilities™.
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Critical and Hypercritical Facilities™: Security Considerations
While security in critical facilities settings has always been a concern, today’s operating environment demands that security issues be elevated to greater levels. Regulatory and prudent management factors have traditionally driven security concerns and programs, but emerging issues such as new forms and frequencies of threats, and judicial determinations of liability for security breaches, have moved security issues at critical facilities onto the agendas of boards of directors and senior executives at many organizations. In addition, security is rapidly becoming a competitive advantage in a number of industries, as customers and clients have become more sophisticated in their demands regarding how their information is safeguarded from unauthorized access or use.
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The Use of Outside Air Economizers In Data Center Environments
Compared to most types of commercial buildings, data centers are energy hogs. A large data center, for example, can easily consume as much electrical power as a small city. Of all the facility’s HVAC equipment, the chiller is easily the largest energy consumer. As such, significant HVAC energy savings can be realized by reducing chiller energy. The fact that the most energy efficient chiller should be selected for the facility goes without saying. However, an even more important issue is that reducing the number of hours of chiller operation can have a larger impact on the reduction of that piece of the building energy pie than simply selecting a more energy efficient chiller.
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Integrated Automated Controls for Data Centers – Philosophy & Approach
The sensitive mechanical and electrical support systems of critical facilities are essential for their day-to-day operations. Protecting these resources from predictable, as well as unpredictable conditions requires advanced environmental monitoring and control. In addition to standard lighting, heating, cooling and ventilating systems, energy that is used in critical facilities require different approaches and strategies to reduce energy consumption. The challenge is to cut costs by improving equipment performance while reducing the use of energy without diminishing the comfort, safety or security of this critical environment. This white paper will discuss a clear philosophy and approach of building automation system design that embraces technology trends and energy-efficient measures used in combination for critical facilities that will reduce energy consumption.
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Equipment Protection through Hot Spot Mitigation
This whitepaper addresses a process for analyzing the cause of “hot spots” and strategies to eliminate them. This process includes load analysis, air distribution system performance evaluation, and assessing critical system operational condition to verify that the infrastructure can perform to rated design capacity.
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